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Fellowships for visiting professors – March 2019

The Institute of Research in Humanities (IRH-ICUB) is proud to announce the visiting professors fellowships awarded in March 2019:

Virginia Hill (University of New Brunswick), The diachrony of differential object marking – 2 months

Scott Mandelbrote (University of Cambridge), History of book circulation in 17th century Europe – 1 month

Bruce L. McCormack (Princeton Theological Seminary), The Humility of the Eternal Son: An Outline of Reformed Kenotic Christology – 2 months

Workshop – Laws of nature: the emergence of a new concept in early modern Europe, 16 April 2019

The early modern period has witnessed the emergence of a new concept that played a crucial role in the foundation of the new philosophy and science, the concept of the laws of nature. The sources of this concept and its metaphysical and theological underpinnings are constantly debated in the literature. The one-day conference hosted by the IRH-ICUB aims to contribute to the ongoing discussions about this concept. Papers will explore various contexts in which the appeal to nature’s laws encouraged the spread of the new science, ranging from the first attempts in the seventeenth century, up to the eighteenth-century developments.

The conference is organized within the project Early Modern Cosmology Between “Mosaic Physics” and Mechanical Philosophy (1650-1713) (PN-III-P1-1.1-TE-2016-0710) and with the support of the IRH-ICUB.

More details and program here.

CfA: Natural and Revealed Theology in the German Enlightenment, 23-24 May 2019

Organisers: Tinca Prunea-Bretonnet (University of Bucharest) and Alessandro Nannini (University of Bucharest/New Europe College)

The conference aims to explore original perspectives on theological-related subjects in the German Enlightenment up to Kant, with particular focus on the Late Enlightenment. Over the last few decades, the relevance of the theology of the Enlightenment has gained unprecedented momentum among scholars of the eighteenth century, going well beyond its traditional boundaries and arenas. The rapidly growing interest in the topic is reflected in an intense editorial activity that brought attention to lesser known texts. Key issues such as secularization and re-sacralization have raised questions that touch upon a range of disciplines. It is now clear that particularly during the second half of the eighteenth century metaphysics, aesthetics, epistemology, politics, ethnology, and the arts benefitted from fruitful exchanges with theology, resulting in a range of new approaches to the relation between the human and the divine.

We welcome proposals for 30-minute papers on topics including, but not limited to:

  • the relation between natural theology and revealed theology
  • natural theology and physico-theology
  • the relation between natural theology and other metaphysical disciplines, such as ontology, cosmology, and psychology
  • the role played by theology at large in the development of the philosophical disciplines, with particular regard to aesthetics and ethics
  • the relevance of the theological reflection at the Berlin Academy
  • the role of feelings and emotions in revealed theology
  • the significance of homiletics and theological hermeneutics in the intellectual debate
  • Catholic and Lutheran perspectives on faith
  • secularization and re-sacralization
  • connections between religion and the idea of Enlightenment
  • exchanges and transfers between German Enlightenment and the European Enlightenment

Please send an abstract of no more than 400 words as a docx. attachment to:

Deadline for submitting the abstracts: 6 April 2019

More details here.

CfP: Shifting Roles. The Manifold Identities of Phenomenology (The 5th Conference on Traditions and Perspectives of the Phenomenological Movement in Central and Eastern Europe), 26-28 September 2019

Organized in collaboration with the Romanian Society for Phenomenology and the IRH project: PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0273: The Structures of Conflict: A Phenomenological Approach to Violence

DATE: Bucharest, 26-28 September 2019

DEADLINE: 3 March 2019

CONFIRMED KEYNOTE SPEAKERS: Emmanuel Alloa (University of St. Gallen); Bruce Bégout (Université Bordeaux Montaigne); Mădălina Diaconu (Universität Wien); Claude Romano (Université Paris-Sorbonne); Bernhard Waldenfels (Bochum University)

ORGANIZING COMMITTEE: Ileana Borțun, Cristian Ciocan, Christian Ferencz-Flatz, Paul Marinescu.


Medieval Europe and Beyond: Identities

2018/2019 academic year, 2nd semester: Identities

Identity is a multifaceted subject, intersecting with several other areas of academic study: ethnicity, community, social class, religion, and individualism cannot be understood without reference to the concept of identity. Although frequently expressed through material culture, identity retains an almost ineffable quality (to quote Aaron Gurevich on the individual in medieval society). Identity is what makes me who I am, and as such remains difficult to pin down from the often lacunary medieval evidence. This notwithstanding, medievalists have produced a substantial body of knowledge on questions of identity, on which we will draw in the course of five roundtable discussions this semester, ranging from ethnic identity to the social self.

Convenors: Marian Coman and Ionuț Epurescu-Pascovici

First meeting: 25 February, 5pm – National and ethnic identity in the Middle Ages

More details here.

New Seminar – Wittgenstein’s Phenomenology: Bridging the Analytic-Continental Gap

Convenor: Mihai Ometiță (IRH-ICUB Fellow)

For long, Wittgenstein’s philosophy was primarily associated with the Anglo-American analytic tradition, construed in opposition with the continental phenomenological tradition. In line with more recent strands of research, the seminar aims to challenge that traditional reception. We will explore the explicitly phenomenological project developed by Wittgenstein in manuscripts from late 1920s and early 1930s, namely, in his less known “middle period”, between the Tractatus and the Philosophical Investigations. We will discuss sections (provided in Romanian translation and the German original) from Manuscript 213 of Wittgenstein’s Nachlass, and thus get an overview of the rise and fall of his phenomenological project. Among the themes in focus: the notion of phenomenological language; thought experiments vs. scientific experiments; immediate experience; visual, physical and Euclidian space; varieties of images (e.g. visual, mnemonic, cinematographic); memory time vs. historical time; the grammar of colours and their mixtures; the experience of pain and its communication.

First meeting: Wednesday, 27 February 2019, 18.00.

Nore details here.

IRH-ICUB Fellowships and Grants – November 2018

The IRH-ICUB is happy to announce the fellowships and grants awarded in November 2018:

Fellowship for Young Researchers:

Ancuța Mortu – Cognitive Processes in Art History: Emerging Psychological Investigations of the Beholder’s Response to Art, (12 months)

Mihaela Șimon – Virtue ethics and moral responsibility in organizations: an Aristotelian account, (12 months)

Ida Valicenti – Discovering an unpublished Benedetto Croce before his publishing of the Anti-fascist intellectuals Manifest, through the exchange of letters with Elena Bacaloglu (1910-1923), (12 months)

Young Researchers Grant (UB):

Silvia-Alexandra Ștefan – From Famagusta to Lepanto: Spain between Cultural Inferiority and Imperial Aggrandizing

Fellowships for visiting professors:

Victor Ivanovici (University of Thessaloniki) – Chestiuni de narratologie (cu aplicare la literatura hispanică), (4 months)

Philosophical Cosmology in Early Modern Europe, 6-7 December 2018

CosmologyWe are glad to announce the workshop “Philosophical Cosmology in Early Modern Europe” which is to take place on December 6-7, at the Institute for Research in Humanities, University of Bucharest (1 Dimitrie Brandza street).

The Workshop focuses on philosophical cosmology in the Renaissance and Early Modern Europe (roughly late sixteenth century – mid-eighteen century). The papers will consist in a diversity of a case-studies, focusing on the interplay between physics, mathematics and theology within individual cosmological projects (e.g. Bacon, Roberval, Kant) and broad cosmological traditions. The workshop is organized as part of the project The Emergence of Mathematical Physics in the Context of Experimental Philosophy (PNIII-P4-ID-PCE 2016-0228, 2017-2019).

Speakers: Pietro Daniel Omodeo (Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia), Stefano Gulizia (New Europe College, Bucharest) Dana Jalobeanu (ICUB, University of Bucharest), Mihnea Dobre (ICUB, University of Bucharest), Oana Matei (New Europe College), Ovidiu Babeș (ICUB, University of Bucharest), Tinca Prunea-Bretonnet (ICUB, University of Bucharest).

Workshop organized within the project The Emergence of Mathematical Physics in the Context of Experimental Philosophy (PNIII-P4-ID-PCE 2016-0228, 2017-2019).

Thursday, December 6th
Chair: Dana Jalobeanu

15:30 – 16:20 Mihnea Dobre (IRH-ICUB, University of Bucharest): Cartesian Cosmology Between ‘Mosaic Physics’ and Mechanical Philosophy

16:20 – 16:30 Coffee break

16:30 – 17:20 Stefano Gulizia (New Europe College, Bucharest): Nicolaus Andreae Granius: Physics and Cosmology at Helmstedt

Friday, December 7th

Morning session (Chair: Ovidiu Babeș)
9:00 – 9:30 Coffee
9:30 – 10:30 Pietro Daniel Omodeo (Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia): Homocentric Astronomy and the Animation of the Heavens: Girolamo Fracastoro beyond Scholastic Psycho-Dynamics

10:30 – 10:40 Coffee break

10:40 – 11:30 Dana Jalobeanu (IRH-ICUB, University of Bucharest): Quantitative estimates, comparative observations and cosmological processes: Francis Bacon’s mathematical inquiries in the Historia densi et rari

11:30 – 12:20 Oana Matei (IRH-ICUB, University of Bucharest): John Evelyn’s cosmology and matter theory in Elysium Britannicum

12:20 – 13:20 Lunch break

Afternoon session (Chair: Oana Matei)
13:20 – 14:10 Ovidiu Babeș (IRH-ICUB, University of Bucharest): The Cosmology of Gilles Personne de Roberval

14:10 – 15:00 Tinca Prunea-Bretonnet (IRH-ICUB, University of Bucharest): Matter and Motion in Kant’s Precritical Cosmology

Reaching out to the world: Eastern European regimes beyond the communist bloc, 28 January 2019

Eastern European regimesThis workshop will bring together researchers working on themes surpassing traditional Cold War narratives about Eastern Europe. By focusing on issues such as multilateralism, East-West relations and the engagement of the socialist regimes with the rest of the world the invited speakers will delve into portraying the initiatives and the strategies engaged by the communist regimes such as Romania in their efforts to establish a voice of their own in the global stage beyond the confines of the communist bloc.

Organiser: Dr. Paschalis Pechlivanis (IRH-ICUB Fellow, Utrecht University)

Invited speakers: Dr. Angela Romano (European University Institute, Florence), Dr. Laurien Crump (Utrecht University), Dr. Adelina Stefan (European University Institute, Florence), Dr. Corina Mavrodin (European University Institute, Florence).


14:00 – 15:00 Chair: Dr. Paschalis Pechlivanis

Dr. Angela Romano (PanEur1970s, EUI) – European Socialist Countries Vis-à-Vis the 1970s Globalising Trends: The Pan-European cooperation option.

Dr. Laurien Crump (Utrecht University) – ‘Enemies of Détente’? Eastern European Strategies for Securing Europe through the CSCE.

15:00 – 15:30 Coffee break

15:30 – 17:30 Chair: Dr. Paschalis Pechlivanis

Dr. Adelina Stefan (PanEur1970s, EUI) – Bridging Europe during the Cold War: International tourism as ‘soft diplomacy’ in socialist Romania of the 1960s and the 1980s.

Dr. Corina Mavrodin (Max Weber Fellow, EUI) – Dispelling the spirit of the Cold War in the Balkans”: Romania’s initiative for intra-bloc, regional cooperation and denuclearisation (1957-60).

The Overlooked History of Vegetal Life. From the Vegetative Soul to Metabolism in Early Modern Philosophy and Biomedicine

Project code: PN-III-P1-1.1-PD-2016-1496

Principal investigator: Dr. Fabrizio Baldassarri  —   (personal website)(academia)

Abstract. This research project aims to delve into a mostly overlooked topic of the history of philosophy and the history of sciences, the philosophical role attributed to vegetation for the understanding of life in early modern Europe. During the Renaissance and early modernity the questions concerning living beings became particularly controversial, as life phenomena difficultly matched the Scholastic interpretative programme attributing life to souls and spirits, and substantiating the academic knowledge of the epoch. From mechanical philosophy to alchemical traditions, alternative systems developed different interpretations of life, resulting in fiercest clashes without a clear and definite solution. Life apparently remained an undefinable, though crucial feature of philosophy and biomedicine. An innovative role within this controversial situation was provided by vegetal studies, as plants silently witnessed life in beings. This was not an untraditional claim, as the Scholastic tradition conceived life starting with the vegetative faculties of the soul. However, it is only during the 16th and 17th centuries that vegetal studies acquired a more crucial condition in this respect, as a change from the vegetative soul to metabolism characterized the biomedical revolution concerning life. While plants emerged as compelling items of knowledge – the Botanical Renaissance composed a relevant section of the naturalistic studies of the period through collecting and classifications of natural, vegetal diversities – a philosophical interpretation of plants as representing the minimal level of vitality led studies to important and fascinating attempts to redefine life. This project seeks to reconstruct this section of the history of vegetal life especially focusing on René Descartes’ and the Cartesian’s attempts. Related to the botanical and medical work in the United Provinces, an early modern vegetal philosophy emerges, resulting in a crucial philosophical interpretation of life.

Project development for 2018

Published or forthcoming papers:

  1. “Descartes’ Bio-Medical Study of Plants: Vegetative Activities, Soul, and Power”, in Early Science and Medicine, vol. 23/5-6, 2018, pp. 509-529.
  2. “I moti circolari nella meccanica della vita in Descartes: embriologia e nutrizione nella medicina e nella botanica”, in Physis: Rivista di Storia della scienza, 2018, forthcoming. [in Italian]
  3. “The Mechanical Life of Plants: Descartes on Botany”, in British Journal for the History of Science, forthcoming.

Fascicle of journal:

  1. 1. Manipulating Flora: Seventeenth-Century Botanical Practices and Natural Philosophy, ed. by F. Baldassarri, O. Matei, in Early Science and Medicine (Brill), vol. 23/5-6, Winter 2018. (Forthcoming.)

Book review:

  1.  G. Manning, C. Klestinec (eds.), Professors, Physicians and Practices in the History of Medicine: Essays in Honor of Nancy Siraisi, Cham., Springer, 2017, on Gesnerus: Swiss Journal of the History of Medicine and Science, forthcoming, vol. 75/2 (2018).

Event organization:

  1. Session Organization for the History of Science Society (HSS) Annual Meeting, Seattle (US). 1-4 November 2018

Panel title: “Plants as Case Study in the History of Philosophy, Science, and Medicine”.


  1. Report Title: “Plants as Models in Early Modern Medicine: The Case of Jean Riolan the Younger, William Harvey, and Marcello Malpighi”, panel session: “Plants as Case Study in the History of Philosophy, Science, and Medicine” – Speaker at: HSS Annual Meeting. Seattle, Washington. November 1-4, 2018.
  2. Report Title: “A Green Thread from Galen to the Early Modern Medicine: The Analogy between Animals and Plants” (website) – Speaker at Galen and the Early Moderns, Ca’ Foscari University, Venice (Italy). Organized by Matteo Favaretti Camposampiero and Emanuela Scribano. October 25-26, 2018.

Scientific report for 2018

Project development for 2019



A1. Invited speaker at Kolloquium in Wolfenbuettel (DE), “Do Plants Have Souls? The Vegetable Soul and the concept of Life”, 21 January 2019

A2. Invited speaker at Premodern Conversations, Max-Planck Institut for the History of Science in Berlin. Organizers Maria Avxentevskaya and Katja Krause. Title: “Plants versus Machines. Life in the Cartesian Mechanization of the Vegetative Soul”.  7 February 2019.

A3. Invited speaker at Summer School: “the Kiln, the Alembic, and the Clockwork: Early Modern Representations of the Body and tis Changing Matter”, Pisa. Organizers: CSMBR, and Fabrizio Bigotti. Report Title: “Spirits and Juices in Descartes’ Natural Philosophy” 29-31 March 2019 + roundtables

A4. Speaker at “Laws of Nature: the emergence of a new concept in early modern Europe”, Bucharest University, organizer: Mihnea Dobre. Report Title: “Laws of Nature in Living Nature: A Cosmological Reference in Descartes’ Study of Plants”, 16 April 2019.

A5. Invited participant at “The Foundations of Another Modernity. Seventeenth Century Alternative Philosophies”. Organizers: ENS de Lyon, Delphine Antoine-Mahut, Pierre Girar, Gianni Paganini, Susana Seguin.

A6. Invited participant at “Atelier Montaigne: Journée d’étude: La Curiosité”, organized by Thierry Gonthier and Emiliano Ferrari, May 28, 2019.

A7. Invited Speaker at “Περὶ φυτῶν. Trattati greci di botanica in Occidente e in Oriente”. Organizers: Maria Fernanda Ferrini, Guido Giglioni. Report Title: “Early Modern Philosophy of Botany and the Stone Guest: Pseudo-Aristotle’s De Plantis”. June 10-11, 2019.

A8. Speaker at Scientiae 2019. Belfast, Northern Ireland. Report Title: “A Clockwork Orange: Citrus in Early Modern Philosophy”, panel session: “Seeds, Plants, and Fruits: Early Modern Investigations of Vegetal Bodies” (Organized panel), June 12-15, 2019.

A9. Speaker at HSS Annual Meeting, Utrecht (NL). Report Title: “The Mechanical Life of Plants in 17th-Century Natural Philosophy”, 23-27 July 2019. (Organized panel)

A10. Invited Speaker at “Analogies et modèles végétaux en médecine dans l’antiquité à l’age classique”. Organizers: Arnaud Mace. Université de France-Comté, Besançon. Report Title: “Same Machine, Different Structure: The Continuity between Plants and Animals in Early Modern Natural Philosophy and Medicine” 17-18 October 2019.

A11. Invited speaker at “Wunderkammern. L’arte dell’invenzione”. Oranizers: University of Trieste, Report title: “Curiosity and order of nature: Wunderkammern and early modern natural philosophy”, 30 November 2019.


Visiting Periods:

B1. 2019, April-May Visiting Researcher at Institut d’Histoire des Représentations et des Idées dans les Modernités, ENS Lyon, France, promotor prof. Delphine Antoine-Mahut.

I have discussed my research project with professor Delphine Antoine-Mahut, and with dr. Raphaële Andrault, dr. Samir Boumediene, and dr. Elisa Andretta, and achieved research on early modern medicine and study of anatomy and physiology.

B2. 2019, June-July Visiting Researcher at Centro Dipartimentale di Studi su Descartes Ettore Lojacono, Università del Salento, Lecce (IT), promotor prof. Franco A. Meschini.

I have worked with professor Franco Aurelio Meschini on my research project, on the anatomical studies of living activities in seventeenth-century medicine, and their connections with the (anatomical) study of plants.

B3. 2019, October Visiting Researcher at at ‘Centro Interdipartimentale di Studi sulla Storia delle Idee’ (CIRSI), Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Italy, promotor prof. Berenice Cavarra.

I have collaborated with professor Berenice Cavarra, working on my research project, and especially dealing with the case of plants in medical knowledge. I have also co-organized a conference, “Anti-Mechanicism and Neo-Vitalism”, with the participation of biologists, philosophers, and historians. The conference took place on October 9 and 10, and scholars investigated the study of life and living bodies through different lenses.


Organized panels and Conferences:

C1. Session Organization for Scientiae 2019, Belfast (GB).

Panel title: “Seeds, Plants, and Fruits: Early Modern Investigation of Vegetal Bodies”.

Speakers: Francesco Luzzini (Max Planck Institüt, Berlin), Lucie Cermakova (Charles University, Prague),  Fabrizio Baldassarri (Bucharest University), Christoffer Basse Eriksen (Aarhus University).

List of talks:

  1. Francesco Luzzini, “Inversi Arboris Instar. (Re)generative Theories and Botanical Analogies In the Early Modern Debate on Mineral Ores”
  2. Lucie Čermáková, “Stony Seeds, Corals and Petrifying Algae: Between Mineral and Vegetal
  3. Fabrizio Baldassarri, “A Clockwork Orange: Citruses and Fruits in Early Modern Philosophy”
  4. Christoffer Basse Eriksen, “Of the seeming bigness of Walnuts: Picturing Seeds of Poppy in Early Modern England”

Panel Abstract: In this panel, we aim to investigate some specimens or vegetal items that attracted attention in the early modern time. The study of plants in the sixteenth and seventeenth century gained momentum as a study of singularities and rarities collected in herbaria or planted in botanical gardens; yet, while natural historical efforts concentrates on the diversities of plants, natural philosophers investigated the inner structure, functioning, and virtues of vegetal bodies. In this panel, we focus on a few compelling issues related to the second realm of nature: the study of generation of plants (in Luzzini’s talk), the intersections between inert and vegetal bodies (in Čermáková’s talk), the mechanical investigation of fruits in Cartesian philosophy (in Baldassarri’s talk), and the study of seeds in Seventeenth century England (in Basse Eriksen’s talk). All the talks shed light on the innovative approach early modern scholars had toward the second realm of nature.


C2. Session Organization for the History of Science Society (HSS) Annual Meeting, Utrecht (NL).

Panel title: “Herbs, Plants, and Vegetal Bodies: Botanical Knowledge in Medical, Naturalistic, and Philosophical Contexts” —  Co-Organization with Institute for the Preservation of Medical Traditions

Speakers: Dominic Olariu (Erfurt University), Sara R. Kyle (University Central Oklahoma), Florike Egmond (Leiden University), Federica Rotelli (Firenze), Alain Touwaide (UCLA)

Panel Abstract: In this panel, we would like to approach this through different case studies. These cases involve a wide range of practices and practitioners (botanists, alchemists, physicians, natural scholars, philosophers and collectors) and concerns as, for example, (a) the exchanges of specimens, seeds, or parts of plants, (b) the study of herbs in pharmaco-therapeutics, (c) the natural-philosophical attempts to explain vegetal bodies, and (d) the natural-historical work of cataloguing specimens’ diversities. Ultimately, the aim of the panel is to explore the complexity and the intersections in the knowledge of the second realm of nature.

C3. International Conference Co-Organization, with prof. Berenice Cavarra. Conference title: “Anti-Mechanicism and Neo-Vitalism”. At University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (Italy). October 9-10, 2019. (Member of programme committee.)


Article in Journal:

D1. “The Mechanical Life of Plants: Descartes on Botany”, in British Journal for the History of Science, 52/1, 2019, pp. 41-63. [in English]

Authored monograph:

D2. Medicina e fisiologia in René Descartes, filosofo del poële e del tavolo anatomico, in process for Aracne Editrice, Roma. Forthcoming 2020 – accepted.

Edited volumes:

D3. Vegetative Powers: Endowing Bodily Life from Antiquity to the Early Modern Time, ed. by F. Baldassarri, A. Blank, Cham: Springer, “International Archives of the History of Ideas”. Forthcoming 2020 – accepted.

D4. Scientiae in the History of Medicine, ed. by F. Baldassarri, F. Zampieri, Roma: L’Erma di Bretschneider, “Storia della medicina”. Forthcoming 2020 – accepted.

Chapters in volumes:

D5. “Descartes, René”, in Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy, ed. M. Sgarbi, Cham, Springer, forthcoming (2019).

D6. “Botany and Medicine”, in Encyclopedia of Early Modern Philosophy and Sciences, ed. D. Jalobeanu and Ch. Wolfe, Cham, Springer, forthcoming (2019).

D7. “Failures of Mechanization: The Vegetative Power and Early Cartesians, Regius, La Forge, and Schuyl”, in Vegetative Powers: Endowing Bodily Life from Late Antiquity to the Early Modern Time, ed. by F. Baldassarri, A. Blank, Cham: Springer. (forthcoming)

D8. “Beeckman’s Corpuscular Study of Plants”, in Isaac Beeckman in Context, ed. by K. van Berkel, A. Clements, A. van Dixhoorn, Amsterda: Amsterdam University Press, 2020 (forthcoming).

D9. “Santorio and Descartes: The Quantification and Mechanization of Passions”, in Santorio Santori and the Emergence of Quantified Medicine. Corpuscularianism, Technology and Experimentation (1614-1790), ed. by F. Bigotti, J. Barry, Palgrave. (forthcoming)

D10. “Descartes and Padua: A Network of Scholars in the Emergence of a Modern Medical Science”, in Scientiae in the History of Medicine, ed. by F. Baldassarri, F. Zampieri, Roma: L’Erma di Bretschneider. (forthcoming)


D11. Q. Hiernaux, B. Timmermans, Philosophie du végétal, Paris: Vrin, 2018, on History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences, forthcoming.

D12. Lucas J. Mix, Life Concepts from Aristotle to Darwin: On Vegetable Souls, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, on Hopos: The journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science, 9/2 (2019): 423-426.

D13. J. Dupèbe (ed. and trans.), Apologie contre Leonhart Fuchs by Michel Servet, Geneva, Droz, 2017, on Renaissance Quarterly, 72.1 (2019): 246-248.


Raport Baldassarri 2019