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Our Mission

The IRH-ICUB is a research division of The Research Institute of the University of Bucharest. Our mission is to promote and stimulate outstanding research in the humanities. The institute encourages international projects in disciplines such as history, philology, philosophy, intellectual history and religious studies, as well as interdisciplinary and multi-disciplinary projects.

For more details about the ICUB events, please see http://icub.unibuc.ro/

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This week at the IRH-ICUB

Upcoming Events

Romance Turn 9, 30 August – 1 September 2018

Axiomatic Mathematics and Phenomenology, 3-4 September 2018

Ramus and the Reform of Learning, 27 September 2018

Mathematizing Physics or Physicalizing Mixed Mathematics?, 1–2 October 2018

Administrative accountability in the later Middle Ages: Records, procedures, and their societal impact, Bucharest, 16-17 November 2018

 

Mathematizing Physics or Physicalizing Mixed Mathematics?, 1–2 October 2018

Invited speaker: John Schuster (University of Sydney)

The workshop is organized under the framework of the national research grant (code: PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0228), “The emergence of mathematical physics in the context of experimental philosophy.”

The history of the emergence of modern science is still very much about how natural philosophy became mathematical. But the classical narrative about the “mathematization of nature” (at least in the Koyré version) has become somewhat obsolete, with its claims about a replacement of the Aristotelian view with the Platonic one, which recognized a mathematical structure of reality.

Besides “physico-mathematics”, however, there was another form of “blending” mathematics with physics, sometimes called by its practitioners “mathematical physics”, which has remained very much understudied until today. It emerged out of an experimental context and can be contrasted with the “physico-mathematical” approach: while the latter starts with usually strong metaphysical presuppositions, mixing axioms of mathematics with axioms or principles of natural philosophy, “mathematical physics” is a much more bottom-up procedure, in which mathematical objects are constructed trough measurement and quantification. It shows that Thomas Kuhn’s division between the mathematical and experimental traditions is too rigid, since the two could, in fact, nurture each other. John Schuster has proposed an important view, according to which it is more appropriate to speak about a “physicalization” of the mixed mathematical sciences instead of a mathematization of physics.

More details here.

Ramus and the Reform of Learning, 27 September 2018

Invited speakers: Scott Mandelbrote (University of Cambridge), Dominique Couzinet (Université Paris 1 – Panthéon-Sorbonne)

The workshop is organized under the framework of the national research grant (code: PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0228), “The emergence of mathematical physics in the context of experimental philosophy.”

In this workshop we aim to explore topics related to Petrus Ramus’ way of seeing the sciences in the light of his sources, his personal views on the arts and sciences, and their influence. More specifically, we will discuss about his sources (e.g. Proclus), his way of seeing the relation between what he considered “theoretical” mathematics (i.e. arithmetic & geometry) and “physical” mathematics (e.g. physics, optics, architecture, geography etc.), his views on technology, and his influence in the 16th-century Cambridge, in order to consider the possible direct or indirect link to the projects of figures such as Francis Bacon.

More details here.

The Mental Imagery of Eastern Christianity and Islam According to Western Travel Descriptions during the Second Half of the 16th Century

Project title: The Mental Imagery of Eastern Christianity and Islam According to Western Travel Descriptions during the Second Half of the 16th Century

Project code: PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0628

Contract: 25/2017

Principal Investigator: Dr. Ionuț-Alexandru Tudorie

Abstract: Religious otherness is of key importance for the understanding of the relationships between different cultures and mentalities. Our research will address and analyze the way in which the images of Eastern Christianity and Islam are constructed in the diaries and travel descriptions of Western Christian peregrines to the Ottoman Empire, especially Constantinople, during the second half of the 16th century. The travelogues we intend to analyze belong to clerics or diplomats pertaining to various European Christian cultures and denominations (Roman-Catholics, Lutherans, Reformed, Anglicans) and document the history of mentalities, religious otherness and the construction of cultural patterns.

The Western mental images of the Eastern Christians and Islam seem to be marked by prejudice, clichés and stereotypes. The novelty of this investigation lies in our attempt to go beyond the structural approach to otherness, which is focused on social-cultural elements, and instead dwell on religion and the investigation of the other’s beliefs, as identity markers. Thus, this timely investigation will offer a substantially new contribution to the ongoing dialogue on religious identity and social integration. The research methodology will employ concepts put forth by F. Hartog (rhéthorique de l’altérité), R. Koselleck (asymetrische Gegenbegriffe) or P. Burschel (duale Grundmuster), which will be critically examined. Based on Tzvetan Todorov’s typology of the relationships with the other we will carry out our research along three lines: praxeologically (closeness or distancing from a foreigner, delimitation or adaptation), axiologically (value judgments such as good / bad, attractive / unattractive) and epistemologically (knowledge / lack of knowledge, acquaintance / lack of acquaintance). The research will be interdisciplinary, starting from the investigation methods of the history of mentalities and of cultural relationships, historical anthropology, and ecclesiastical history.

Research Team:

Principal Investigator:

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Dr. Ionuț-Alexandru Tudorie is Lecturer of Byzantine History and Church History at the University of Bucharest. He holds a PhD in Theology and another one in History, both granted by the University of Bucharest. During the recent academic years he was selected as a fellow by Institut für Byzanzforschung (Vienna) / Romanian Academy (2011-2012),Woodrow Wilson Center / Romanian Cultural Institute (2013), The Netherlands Institute of Advanced Studies (2014) and New Europe College(2014-2015). Also, his publication list includes: “Et tenentes frenum equi ipsius … A New Approach to the 13th-Century Relationship between the Byzantine Emperor and Patriarch”, in: Christian Gastgeber, Johannes Preiser-Kapeler, Ekaterini Mitsiou (eds.), The Patriarchate of Constantinople in Context and Comparison, Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2015(forthcoming); “Le patriarche Athanase Ier(1289-1293 ; 1303-1309) et les arsénites: une lettre patriarcale contre les schismatiques”, in: Marie-Hélène Blanchet, Marie-Hélène Congourdeau, Dan Ioan Mureşan (eds.), Le Patriarcat de Constantinople et Byzance « hors-frontières » (XIIIe-XVIe siècles), coll. Dossiers byzantins 15, Paris: Centre d’études byzantines, néo-helléniques et Sud-Est européennes / École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, 2015, pp. 37-67; “There were they in great fear, were no fear was… The History of the Theological Dialogue between Nonjurors Anglicans and Oriental Church (1716-1725)”, Orientalia Christiana Periodica, 79 (2013), 2, pp. 429-512; Fotie al Constantinopolului, Mistagogia Duhului Sfânt. Exegeză la Noul Testament [Photios of Constantinople, Mystagogy of the Holy Spirit. New Testament Exegesis], ediție bilingvă, traducere de Oana Coman, Studiu introductiv și Tabel cronologic de Ionuț-Alexandru Tudorie, Note explicative de Oana Coman, Ionuț-Alexandru Tudorie și Adrian Muraru [bilingual edition, translation by Oana Coman, Introductory Study and Chronological Overview by Ionuț-Alexandru Tudorie, Commentaries by Oana Coman, Ionuț-Alexandru Tudorie and Adrian Muraru], coll. Tradiția creștină 15, Iași: Editura Polirom, 2013 [review in: Studii Teologice, Seria a III-a, X (2014), 1, pp. 274-277 (Ovidiu Gheorghe Sferlea)].

Experienced Researchers:

Dr. Daniel Benga

Dr. Vasile-Adrian Carabă

Dr. Georgiana Huian

Dr. Sebastian-Laurențiu Nazâru

Dr. Ovidiu Olar

Dr. Bogdan Tătaru-Cazaban

Drd. Mihai Faur

octavian negoita poza website calatoriDrd. Octavian-Adrian Negoiță is PhD student at the Faculty of Orthodox Theology (University of Bucharest) where he researches a thesis on The Anti-Islamic Discourse as Reflected in the Early Modern Greek Apologetical and Polemical Literature against Islam (16th – 18th Centuries). Mr. Negoiță holds a BA in Orthodox Theology (2013) and another one in Classical Philology (2015), both granted by the University of Bucharest. He also holds two MAs; the first one in Medieval Studies (2015) granted by the University of Bucharest and the second one in Comparative History (2017) granted by Central European University (Budapest). During his studies he attended several conferences in Oxford, Budapest, Birmingham and Ioannina. He was awarded research and travel grants by The Classical Association (London), University of Birmingham, Dumbarton Oaks (Washington DC) and Center for Eastern Mediterranean Studies (CEU, Budapest). Mr. Negoiță’s research interests include the fields of Christian-Muslim Relations, Byzantine and Ottoman Studies and Eastern Christian Studies during the medieval and early modern times in the Mediterranean.

New Work in Logic and Philosophy of Science, 15 June 2018

Organizer: Sorin Bangu (Univ. Bergen/ ICUB-IRH Visiting Professor)

The conference showcases work-in-progress in logic, philosophy of mathematics and science by leading philosophers. The main aim of the event is to offer the audience a sense of what is currently taken to be relevant concerns in these fields; naturally, the speakers will also indicate possible directions in which progress can be made. The talks, followed by generous Q&A periods, will cover a large variety of issues, from formal logic to philosophy of medicine and philosophical issues in the sociology of high-energy physics. More specifically, the topics include: the challenge of justifying causal claims in medicine, the very logic of causal dependencies, the possibility to connect deterministic and indeterministic descriptions of physical systems, the distinction between deductive and inductive knowledge as relevant for understanding mathematical proofs, as well as reflections on natural kinds and the way in which high-energy physics laboratories produce knowledge.

Speakers: G. Sandu (Helsinki), A. Barberousse (Paris Sorbonne), R. Lie (Bergen), V. Ardourel (Louvain), A. C. Paseau (Oxford), S. Perovic (Belgrade).

More details here.

New course – Body And Knowledge In Aristotle’s De Anima. Selected Readings And Arguments

Fabrizio Bigotti (University of Exeter) IRH-ICUB Visiting Professor

Only a few works in the history of Western philosophical tradition have been read and commented upon as much as Aristotle’s De anima. The book, however, deserves attention on its own right, as a landmark in Aristotle’s thought. Besides its emphasis on the relation between the body and the soul, the De anima offers a series of precious insights into Aristotle’s philosophy and especially on the relation between universal knowledge and natural philosophy. From this standpoint, the work places itself at the conjunction of Aristotle’s metaphysical and natural investigations. This module aims at presenting Aristotle’s De anima by means of ten thematic encounters which will explore issues related to perception, emotion, understanding and intuition with help also from other works, and especially Metaphysica I and XII. The text will be read in English, key references from Greek will be translated and explained. Selected passages will be pre-circulated. A basic understanding of philosophy is desirable, but constancy in attending the course is essential.

More details here.

Digital Humanities – 10 May 2018

The series on Digital Humanities (DH) hosted by the IRH-ICUB aims to explore various tools, methods, and research challenges at the crossroads between the traditional humanities and digital methods. It offers a venue for discussing projects and study cases. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of the field, the IRH-ICUB DH series encourages a roundtable discussion format, with papers on various disciplines and diverse case studies.

DH 10 mai

10 May, 10.00-13.00

Maria Bostenaru (“Ion Mincu” University of Architecture and Urbanism) – Research Networking Programme of the European Science Foundation NeDiMAH (Network for Digital Methods in Arts and Humanities) – Romanian participation 2012-2015

Giorgio Guzzetta (University College Cork)Extreme Reading: Scalable Text Analysis and Interpretation with Voyant

Federico Boschetti (CNR):  Euporia: Using Domain Specific Languages for Textual Annotation without Mark-up

Timothy Tambassi (ICUB, University of Bucharest)Thinking Bucharest Geo-ontologically

More details here.